ISIS's violent bona fides are not in doubt to anyone paying attention. They've targeted religious minorities, beheaded aid workers, sold women into sex slavery and have been all around devastating for those under their rule. But as America debates the possibility of a full-scale ground invasion of ISIS-controlled territory, it's important to note that much of the ISIS threat - namely that which targets the west - has been habitually overstated by an uncritical media.
In no particular order, here are the ten most bogus ISIS scare stories over the past year:
1. Female genital mutilation edict - July 2014
2. Church burning in Mosul - July 2014
Why it's bogus: An intrepid archaeologist, Sam Hardy, called BS and thanks to the magic of reverse image Google search and some prodding by yours truly, it was eventually retracted by several outlets and never mentioned again.
3. ISIS in Mexico - Oct 2014
Why it's bogus: Absurd on its face, the story was quickly and roundly debunked.
4. ISIS recruiting emo British teen - Dec 2014
Why it's bogus: The person who uploaded the picture admitted on Twitter it was a fake. The media subsequently deemed it a "hoax".
5. ISIS Caliphate map - July 2014
Why it's bogus: The original story from ABC News was citing a map that had been floating around the internet for months. To this day their one and only source is a tweet from a noted white supremacist website, "Third Position".
6. ISIS beheads Christian children - Aug 2014
Who it fooled: Originally asserted on CNN by self-proclaimed Iraqi-Christian activist, Mark Arabo (a grocery story industry lobbyist whose previous media appearance was on a local San Diego news channel to oppose an increase in minimum wage), this story spread among right wing and Christian media.
Why it's bogus: After a fairly thorough inquiry, snopes eventually determined the claim was "inconclusive", having found no independent evidence it occurred.
7. $425m bank robbery - June 2014
8. 'Over 100 Americans have joined ISIS' - Oct 2014
Why it's bogus: After the FBI admitted there were only "about a dozen" Americans fighting along side jihadists in Syria in September 2014, several media outlets continued to report that "over 100" despite the government correcting the record several weeks prior.
9. #AllEyesOnISIS "Twitter Storm" - June 2014
10. ISIS's ebola Terror Plot - Dec 2014
Why it's bogus: "Iraqi media" was the only source for the story and the Iraqi minister of health quickly debunked it.